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Algiers

Administration
Full nameAlgiers
Official nameAlgiers
Native name   
Dzayer دزاير   
CountryAlgeria
WilayaAlgiers
Re-foundedAD 944
Government
Wali (Governor)M. Mohamed Kebir Addou
Geography
Total Area459.3 sq mi (1190 km2)
Elevation3 ft (0.9 m)
Demography
Total Population2882897 (1998 for city proper, 2011 for metro area)
Metro (pop.)5000000
Other information
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
Postal codes16000 16132

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( , al-Jazā’ir; Algerian Arabic and Berber: , Dzayer; ; ) is the capital and largest city of Algeria. According to the 1998 census, the population of the city proper was 1,519,570 and that of the urban agglomeration was 2,135,630. In 2009, the population was about 3,500,000. An estimate puts the population at about 5,000,000 as of 2011.

Called El-Bahdja (البهجة) or alternatively Alger la Blanche ("Algiers the White") for the glistening white of its buildings as seen rising up from the sea, Algiers is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea. The modern part of the city is built on the level ground by the seashore; the old part, the ancient city of the deys, climbs the steep hill behind the modern town and is crowned by the casbah or citadel, 400 ft (121.9 m) above the sea. The casbah and the two quays form a triangle.


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