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400 Series Shinkansen

400 Series Shinkansen
400 series on Tsubasa service at Yonezawa Station, March 2005
Train information
Name400 series
In service1992-2010
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
Family nameMini-shinkansen
Constructed1992 - 1995
Refurbishment1999 - 2001
Scrapped2008 - 2010
Number built84 vehicles (12 sets)
Number in serviceNone
Number preserved1 vehicle
Number scrapped83 vehicles
Formation7 cars per trainset
Fleet numbersL1 - L12
Capacity399 (20 Green + 379 Standard)
OperatorJR East
Lines servedTōhoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen
Car body constructionSteel
Car length22825 mm (22.8 m) (end cars)
20500 mm (20.5 m) (intermediate cars)
Width2947 mm (2.9 m)
Doorsone per side
Maximum speed240 km/h (0.2 m) (Tōhoku Shinkansen)
130 km/h (0.1 m) (Yamagata Shinkansen)
Acceleration1.6 km/h/s
Deceleration2.6 km/h/s
Traction system24 x 210 kW (0.2 m)
Power output5.04 MW (0 m)
Electric system20/25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection methodPantograph
Safety systemATC-2, DS-ATC, ATS-P

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|} was a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) between 1992 and 2010 on Tsubasa services on Japan's first Mini-shinkansen line, the Yamagata Shinkansen branch from the main Tōhoku Shinkansen.

The fleet of 400 series trains was leased by JR East from the owning company,

|}, a third-sector company jointly owned by JR East and Yamagata Prefecture.

They were originally six-car sets, but a seventh car (type 429) was added in 1995 to each set due to the popularity of the new Tsubasa services.

The fleet of twelve 400 series trains was scheduled to be withdrawn between December 2008 and summer 2009, replaced by new E3-2000 series trains. However, one set, L3, remained in service until 18 April 2010, with the date chosen to mark 18 years of service.

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